Temporary Skill Shortage Visa, Australia (Subclass 482)

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The Australian Temporary Skill Shortage Visa (Subclass 482) is a visa program designed to address skill shortages in the Australian labor market by allowing employers to sponsor skilled workers from overseas for temporary employment. It enables foreign workers to work in Australia for up to four years and provides pathways to be permanent residents.

The Subclass 482 or Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) visa of Australia is different from the general skilled migration visas in that  it is intended for a list of occupations that must necessarily be reported for worker’s shortage by the respective employers, and that the employers must sponsor the employee (visa candidate).

No age requirement for this scheme is the best selling point for this visa and makes it sought after by different groups of employment seeking demographics.

This visa comes in 3 streams:

  • Short-term Stream
  • Medium-term Stream
  • Labour agreement stream

Short-term stream

Valid for 2 years, this stream allows a sponsor to nominate a migrant worker for an occupation listed under the Short Term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL). Migrants have the option for permanent residency after their temporary term is over.

Medium-term stream

Valid for 4 years, the employer must sponsor a migrant worker for an occupation under the Medium Term Skilled Occupation List (MTSOL). As with the previous stream, migrants can complete their initial temporary term and seek permanent residency.

For both the streams above

  • the employer needs to prove a shortage of workers for an occupation inside Australia
  • the occupation must also be listed in the relevant skills Skilled Occupation List

Labour agreement stream

Can be valid for a maximum of 4 years– each visa validity is issued according to the terms agreed between the employer (sponsor) and the migrant worker. However, it does not exceed beyond 4 years.

Migrant workers can request the employer for a sponsorship for permanent residency.

Under all 3 schemes, there may be a common exception of 5 years validity for a sponsored worker who is a citizen of Hong Kong.

Eligibility requirements for temporary visa

  • No age requirement
  • Be nominated by an employer for an occupation listed in the relevant skilled occupation list
  • 2 years of relevant work experience
  • Skills assessment (only for specified occupations)
  • English Language; minimum standards
  • Good health and decent character

Conditions to follow after visa grant

  • Must only work for sponsor (employer)
  • Must honour the terms of the contracts and agreements with employers
  • Must not actively or indirectly participate in any misconduct in Australia.

Permanent Residency

There are 2 Permanent Residency options under the Short-Term and Medium-Term stream.

  1. Subclass 186 or the Employer Nomination Scheme
  2. Subclass 187 or the Regional Sponsored Nomination Scheme

Subclass 186 and 187 each can be divided further into multiple schemes depending on the agreement between the employer and migrant worker as well as the duration for which the workers have stayed and already worked.

For simplicity, workers under the short-term and medium term scheme can go for the Direct Entry Stream if they have already served 3 years, although the work options are very flexible. A drawback of this stream is that the applicant must be under 45 years of age. However, one can apply for this visa onshore or offshore, which is an advantage.

For 2 years of service, PR through the Temporary Residence Transition (TRT) stream is the right option, often more popular. Work options are a bit strict compared to Direct Entry, and only onshore visa applicants are eligible. Age limit of 45 years is applicable but not mandatory based on specific agreements with the employer. This makes the TRT overall more convenient compared to Direct Entry Stream for both short-term and medium-term workers.

The Subclass 186 also has an additional Labour Agreement Stream which basically serves as the PR successor of the temporary Labour Agreement Stream. Hence, workers who were initially under the Labour Agreement Scheme can request their employers to sponsor them for PR under Subclass 186.

Temporary Skill Shortage VS General Skilled Migration visa Overview

Below we provide you with some key points of comparison between Temporary Skills Shortage Visa and the General Skilled Migration program.

Difference between Temporary Skill Shortage Visa and General Skilled Migration Visas
TSS GSM
Age No age limit for temporary term 45 years
PR application may also exempt workers from age requirement under special occupations No exemption. Direct PR or Provisional visa, both must be granted prior to age 45.
Skills Assessment Only for specified occupations Mandatory
Points requirement No points requirement (generally) Minimum 65
IELTS 5 overall (not less that 4.5 in any band) 6.5 overall (not less than 6 in any band)
Applicant may be exempt of language test under certain agreements Mandatory, will not be exempt for any applicant
Sponsorship Employers Independent, State or employers
Stay period 2-4 years, can apply again 5 years; Sublcall 491; PR application after 3 years
Direct PR No direct PR; available only after serving a temporary term Available via Subclass 189 & 190

As a Registered Migration Agent, we can help you assess your eligibility and process the visa. Please shoot an email to us for any queries.

Did You Know?

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